Building Permits And Deck Construction

Obtaining a building permit is essential for homeowners who plan to build a deck. Decks must meet modern building codes, so homeowners need to get a permit to build them. If the deck isn’t built by a licensed contractor, it may be difficult to bring it into compliance. The building department will work with the homeowner to complete the project, but if the homeowner doesn’t obtain a permit in time, it could pose problems.
deck constructionTo avoid settling problems, start by laying a solid base. In colder climates, the most important consideration is frost heave, and the proper height for deck supports is four to five feet below the ground. If you plan to use wood shims, they’ll compress over time. In addition, the support structure will have to withstand additional weight. To prevent this from happening, use metal strapping hardware.
Fastening the ledger board to the building is a vital part of the deck construction process. Be sure to set the ledger board low enough against the house, brace it in place, and nail it to the wall. Use three-quarter-inch lag bolts to secure the board to the building. If you’re using masonry, use masonry anchors. You should also use flashing to cover the exposed joists so that water doesn’t accumulate behind them.
The next step in deck construction is rough-in. This step requires measuring the size of the deck. This rough-in will serve as a guideline for batter boards, which are three strips of furring nailed together. The batter boards are tied to a string and are then nailed to posts. Make sure to check building codes in your area before installing batter boards and posts. Once the batter boards are attached to the posts, the string is tied to the string and positioned close to the level.
Once you have determined the dimensions and the design, you can begin the actual construction process. Next, you must determine the height of the deck. The height of a deck should be measured from the house floor or doorway. It should be a 2 to four-inch step down from the house floor or doorway. Then, drive a stake at the height you want. Fasten a string level to the stake to create a level line. Once this line is measured, you must set a second corner stake at the same height as the first stake.
Prepare the working space for your deck. A level working surface is essential when digging concrete piers or footings. You also need to make sure that the deck is square to the building. After all, you want it to be square. You can achieve this by preparing the deck and ensuring its level. Once the foundation is in place, you can start the deck construction. There are many steps involved in the process. To make the process easier, follow the tips in this article.
Substructure components of the deck are usually made from traditional wood. However, these materials are prone to weathering and moisture damage. A concrete pillar provides a strong foundation for the deck. Footings need to extend below the frost line to avoid shifting of concrete. Lastly, the deck frame is supported by support posts. This step is crucial for the structure of the deck. Once the foundation is in place, you can then attach the decking and enjoy your new addition.
Posts and rails are essential parts of a deck’s framing. Posts are cut below or above the surface of the deck and set in place before pouring concrete. Rails are essential for safety, as they serve as a barrier against falls and provide a handhold for stairs and sides of the deck. Choosing the right railings for your deck is important and you should consult a professional if you are unsure of how to install them properly.